Sabbioneta

Descrizione

Declaration of Outstanding Universal Value

Mantua and Sabbioneta are an exceptional confirmation of the urban, architectural and artistic accomplishments of the Renaissance. These cities are linked through the ideas and ambitions of the ruling Gonzaga family. The city of Mantua can be traced back to Roman times, it was then restored in the 15th and 16th centuries through architectural and urban planning as well as hydraulic engineering. The contribution of renowned architects Leon Battista Alberti and Giulio Romano and painters such as Andrea Mantegna, made Mantua a prominent capital of the Renaissance. Sabbioneta represents the construction of an entirely new city in accordance with the modern vision of the Renaissance. The protective walls, the grid plan of the streets and the role of public spaces and monuments make Sabbioneta one of Europe’s best examples of an ideal city. These two cities are two significant milestones of spatial planning and urban interventions undertaken by the Gonzaga family in their territories. 


Sabbioneta: the new city, the ideal city

Sabbioneta was devised entirely by its Prince, Vespasiano Gonzaga Colonna, who inherited the city in 1544. Vespasiano had an eccentric personality and a curious and cultured intellect. From 1555 until his death he created his city, inspired by Imperial Rome. In just 35 years he turned an area with only a fortress and an ancient settlement, into a wisely organised urban space, rationally constructed with an external wall and enriched with magnificent palaces and gardens. This type of city is the result of precise will and not of slow changes over the centuries, this concept is defined as urbs condita.

 

Vespasiano planned a city according to the utopian ideals of Renaissance: order, rationality, symmetry and rigor. Gonzaga designed his city to include important elements for a concrete defence strategy: enclosed by a star-shaped barrier, with a Roman-themed grid pattern, Sabbioneta represents the perfect and rare synthesis of idealism and pragmatism.

 

The Duke not only took care of the urban planning, but also of the architectural and decorative aspects. Through the use of allegories and mythical themes in the decorative cycles of the various buildings and halls, he expressed his actions as Princeps, the ruler-philosopher who was able to culturally revive and defend the city.

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Declaration of Outstanding Universal Value

Mantua and Sabbioneta are an exceptional confirmation of the urban, architectural and artistic accomplishments of the Renaissance. These cities are linked through the ideas and ambitions of the ruling Gonzaga family. The city of Mantua can be traced back to Roman times, it was then restored in the 15th and 16th centuries through architectural and urban planning as well as hydraulic engineering. The contribution of renowned architects Leon Battista Alberti and Giulio Romano and painters such as Andrea Mantegna, made Mantua a prominent capital of the Renaissance. Sabbioneta represents the construction of an entirely new city in accordance with the modern vision of the Renaissance. The protective walls, the grid plan of the streets and the role of public spaces and monuments make Sabbioneta one of Europe’s best examples of an ideal city. These two cities are two significant milestones of spatial planning and urban interventions undertaken by the Gonzaga family in their territories. 


Sabbioneta: the new city, the ideal city

Sabbioneta was devised entirely by its Prince, Vespasiano Gonzaga Colonna, who inherited the city in 1544. Vespasiano had an eccentric personality and a curious and cultured intellect. From 1555 until his death he created his city, inspired by Imperial Rome. In just 35 years he turned an area with only a fortress and an ancient settlement, into a wisely organised urban space, rationally constructed with an external wall and enriched with magnificent palaces and gardens. This type of city is the result of precise will and not of slow changes over the centuries, this concept is defined as urbs condita.

 

Vespasiano planned a city according to the utopian ideals of Renaissance: order, rationality, symmetry and rigor. Gonzaga designed his city to include important elements for a concrete defence strategy: enclosed by a star-shaped barrier, with a Roman-themed grid pattern, Sabbioneta represents the perfect and rare synthesis of idealism and pragmatism.

 

The Duke not only took care of the urban planning, but also of the architectural and decorative aspects. Through the use of allegories and mythical themes in the decorative cycles of the various buildings and halls, he expressed his actions as Princeps, the ruler-philosopher who was able to culturally revive and defend the city.

East Lombardy is the European region
of gastronomy 2017